Three scientists on Tuesday won the Nobel Physics Prize, including the first woman to receive the prestigious award in 55 years, for inventing optical lasers that have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery. Arthur Ashkin of the US split the 2018 Nobel Physics Prize with Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada Arthur Ashkin of the United States won one half of the nine-million Swedish kronor (about $1.01 million or 870,000 euros) prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half. Strickland is just the third woman to win a Nobel Physics Prize since it was first awarded in 1901, while Ashkin, 96, is the oldest person to win a Nobel, beating out American Leonid Hurwicz who was 90 when he won the 2007 Economics Prize. Ashkin was honoured for his invention of "optical tweezers" that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers. … [Read more...] about Laser pioneers win Nobel Physics Prize
Recent nobel peace prize winners
A campaign group seeking a global ban on nuclear arms won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday, given the award by a Nobel Committee that cited the spread of weapons to North Korea and said the risk was growing of nuclear war. Beatrice Fihn, Executive Director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) receives a bottle of champagne from her husband Will Fihm Ramsay (R) next to Daniel Hogsta, coordinator, while they celebrate after ICAN won the Nobel Peace Prize 2017, in Geneva, Switzerland October 6, 2017. The award to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) was unexpected, particularly in a year when the architects of the 2015 nuclear deal between world powers and Iran had been seen as favorites for achieving the sort of diplomatic breakthrough that has won the prize in the past. Supporters described … [Read more...] about Anti-nuclear campaign group wins 2017 Nobel Peace Prize
U.S. scientists Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young won the 2017 Nobel prize for medicine on Monday for unraveling molecular mechanisms that control our internal body clocks. Michael W. Young (C), a joint winner of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, walks to a press conference at The Rockefeller University in New York, U.S., October 2, 2017. These help explain how people experience jet lag when their internal circadian rhythms get out of sync, while also having wider implications for disorders ranging from insomnia to depression to heart disease. Chronobiology, or the study of biological clocks, is now a growing field of research thanks to the pioneering work of the three scientists, who explained the role of specific genes in keeping fruit flies in step with light and darkness. Today, scientists are exploring new … [Read more...] about How we tick: U.S. ‘body clock’ scientists win Nobel medicine prize
Viet Nam News BOGOTA — Colombia’s ELN guerrillas have freed a hostage and the government released two rebel prisoners in exchange, clearing the way for peace talks to begin next week. The government hopes talks with the one remaining active rebel group in Colombia will seal a "complete peace" to end Latin America’s last major armed conflict. Odin Sanchez, a former lawmaker held captive since April 2016, was handed over to the Red Cross in the remote jungle region of Choco in western Colombia. He was later welcomed by relatives and supporters waving signs and playing music in Quibdo, the regional capital. "We have to unite to make those devils... join in a dialogue, so we can talk about peace and so they will release anyone else they may be holding," he said. The government in turn released the two jailed rebels, Nixon Cobos and Leivis Valero, in the mountains of Santander, in the northeast. Described by their side as in poor health, they were met by ELN … [Read more...] about Colombia ELN rebels free hostage to set up peace talks
The crisis-hit European Union, Belarusian or Russian human rights activists, or a non-violent protest theorist whose ideas inspired the Arab Spring? Speculation ahead of Friday's Nobel Peace Prize announcement is rife. The Norwegian Nobel Committee that awards the prize had 231 individuals and organisations on its top-secret list, with the laureate to be revealed in Oslo at 11:00 am (0900 GMT). The field of possible winners has long appeared wide open, but by late Thursday, observers were circling around a few key picks, with Europe at the forefront of the speculation. The usually well-informed public broadcaster NRK suggested on the eve of the big announcement that the committee this year appeared set to finally hand the prize to the EU, 60 years after the birth of its predecessor, the European Coal and Steel Community, which helped bring peace and stability to a continent freshly ripped apart by war. The broadcaster also cited the continued struggle for civil rights in former … [Read more...] about Nobel Peace Prize to EU or Eastern European activists?