By staff writers – Translated by Kim Khanh
By staff writers – Translated by Kim Khanh
Party General Secretary and State President Nguyen Phu Trong emphasized this at a national conference regarding the election of deputies to the 15th National Assembly and People’s Councils at all levels for the 2021-2026 term which was held in Hanoi on January 21.
The election is of particular importance, with the country currently sparing no effort to welcome the 13th National Party Congress. Indeed, this marks a major political event which is of strategic significance for the cause of continuing the comprehensive and synchronous reform, whilst boosting national development in a faster and more sustainable manner moving forward, he stated.
“This is an opportunity to exercise the people’s mastership through the selection and election of typical, truly virtuous, talented, and worthy representatives who represent the people in the NA and the People’s Council at all levels. Fully aware of the importance as well as the great significance of this election, the Party Central Committee, the NA, the Government, and the Vietnam Fatherland Front have identified this as a key political task of the entire Party, people, and army in 2021,” said Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong.
He therefore asked all Party committees, organisations, and agencies to assign relevant tasks to ensure that the election will achieve the best results and will be part of a truly festive holiday for all citizens.
In her closing speech, NA Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan expressed her confidence that the conference has provided guiding documents regarding the election to relevant delegates, agencies, and organisations.
The outcomes of the conference are likely to contribute to promoting the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of citizens as part of the process of building a clean, strong, effective, and efficient state apparatus. In addition, it will help all sectors and localities to competently organise election activities towards developing, consolidating, and fine-tuning a socialist country governed by laws for the Vietnamese State of the People, by the People, and for the People.
The results of the election will therefore make an important contribution to promoting democracy, building a bloc of great unity, along with successfully carrying out the goals and tasks which will be set out in the Resolutions of the 13th National Party Congress, the NA leader said.
Furthermore, NA Chairwoman Ngan stated her belief that with the Party’s concentrated leadership, along with the active and responsible involvement of the political system, the election will be conducted in accordance with regulations.
The Hanoitimes – To prepare for the election, the National Election Council made its debut in Hanoi on June 12.
Vietnam will hold a national online meeting on January 21 to launch the election of the National Assembly (NA) deputies and representatives of the all-level people’s councils for the 2021-26 term.
|National Assembly’s Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan speaks at the meeting. Source: VGP|
The meeting is aimed to finalize documents for the councils and relevant agencies to ensure that all preparations for the big event get ready, according to the National Assembly’s Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan, who is also Chairperson of the National Election Council.
The election is scheduled to take place on May 23, 2021.
Preparations for the election to the National Assembly and all-level people’s councils for the next tenure have progressed as scheduled, Ms. Ngan said at a meeting on January 18.
She said the council has discussed legal, personnel, medical, and security issues.
To prepare for the election, the National Election Council made its debut in Hanoi on June 12.
A number of documents guiding the organization of the election have been jointly released by the NA’s Standing Committee, the National Election Council, the Prime Minister, the Party Central Committee’s Commission for Communication and Education, the Central Organization Commission, the Ministry of Home Affairs, and the Ministry of Finance.
Under the pilot plan, the city would organize pedestrianized spaces around Hau River Park and Ninh Kieu Wharf, its top tourist attractions, as well as develop night markets combined with pedestrian streets.
In addition, bars and restaurants in Ninh Kieu District would be allowed to stay open until 2 a.m. while some tour services taking visitors to watch dawn on Hau River or visit Cai Rang floating market can operate overnight.
Outdoor activities would be held on weekend nights.
Currently, shopping and entertainment services are only allowed to operate from 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. at night markets in Ninh Kieu District.
After one to two years of piloting, Can Tho will implement night-time services across many parts of the city in an effort to bolster its tourism sector and boost socio-economic development.
Can Tho, with an estimated population of 1.61 million, is one of Vietnam’s five centrally-managed cities, alongside Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong and Da Nang,
It is not the only locality in Vietnam that has been boosting night-time economy development.
In July 2020, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc approved a master plan for night-time economy development in the country, allowing major cities like Hanoi, HCMC and Da Nang as well as other tourist destinations like Hoi An, Hue, Da Lat and Phu Quoc to pilot night-time services from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m.
In September, authorities in Hanoi sought feedback for a pilot scheme to allow recreational establishments in the Hoan Kiem area to stay open past midnight.
Under the scheme, catering, entertainment and shopping services in Hoan Kiem District, the busiest area in the capital, would be allowed to operate overnight every day while outdoor activities, historical relics and heritage sites would remain open until midnight.
Last December, Khanh Hoa authorities said they were working on a plan to develop the central province’s night-time economy centered around the famous beach town of Nha Trang.
Quang Ninh, home to world famous Ha Long Bay in northern Vietnam, is also planning to offer entertainment, cultural and shopping services late into the night.
HCM City and six other provinces and cities are planning to reopen schools on March 1, according to the Ministry of Education and Training, after a two-week delay to the scheduled resumption when Tet (Lunar New Year) holiday ends mid-February.
|A health worker sprays disinfectants at Nguyen Du High School in HCM City’s District 10. — VNA/VNS Photo Thu Huong|
Hanoi could reopen schools on Tuesday (March 2) if the COVID-19 situation is under control (March 2 will be the date marking 14 days of no local infections), according to municipal authorities.
The HCM City People’s Committee on Wednesday approved the Department of Education and Training’s proposal to reopen on Monday since the recent COVID-19 outbreak has been well controlled.
The department said most parents want their children to go to school.
To prepare for the reopening, the administration has called for disinfecting schools and adopting preventive measures.
This week the department will ensure these tasks are undertaken at all schools.
It also has instructed schools to ensure their students follow the Ministry of Health’s 5K message: Khẩu trang (face mask) – Khử khuẩn (disinfection) – Khoảng cách (distance) – Không tụ tập (no gathering) – Khai báo y tế (health declaration).
Since February 2 the department has ordered schools to report about students with COVID-19, F1 people who come into contact with patients and F2 people who have close contact with F1. The parents of all students also need to fill out online health declarations for the latter.
As of February 19 one student had contracted the disease, 74 teachers and students were designated F1 and 361 teachers and students were F2.
Besides, 2,680 teachers and students returned to the city from COVID-19-hit areas around the country after Tet.
On February 1 the People’s Committee had instructed all relevant agencies and educational establishments to allow students to remain at home after the Tet holiday and study online until the end of this month.
Teachers at public primary schools make lessons and upload them on YouTube or the school website for students.
First and second graders are learning with their parents’ assistance.
Older children are taught on zoom and other software.
Speaking at a meeting between the National Steering Committee for COVID-19 Prevention and Control and relevant ministries held on Tuesday, Deputy Minister of Education and Training Ngo Thi Minh said 51 provinces and cities had already reopened schools.
Seven provinces and cities, including Hai Duong, the COVID-19 epicenter, would reopen them on Monday while the remaining four have not announced the schedule, she said.
The education ministry has instructed authorities in all provinces and cities to strictly comply with measures to ensure safety and hygiene at schools and strengthen communication to reassure parents as their children return to school, she added.
Schools have been told to disinfect everything from the campus to tables, chairs and teaching devices, and have enough soaps and hand sanitizers for students.
Students should use their own water bottles and wear masks when going to school.
Schools should limit mass gathering and organise outdoor activities.
Many universities across the country will also have online classes until the end of this month.
Some such as the University of Information Technology under the Vietnam National University- HCM City (VNUHCM) will begin their second semester on Monday but students will learn online until March 14. The first semester examination will be delayed until April.
The VNUHCM’s University of Science will hold this examination next month instead of this week as scheduled.
Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine has students will study online until March end. VNS
Vietnam’s economic engine HCM City has the country’s lowest fertility rate of 1.53, according to the Ministry of Health’s latest report in June.
A newborn at HCM City’s Hung Vuong Hospital. The city’s fertility rate is lowest in Vietnam.
A total 21 provinces and cities have low to very low fertility rates, mostly in the Mekong Delta, southeast and central coastal regions. With a total population of 38 million, these provinces’ prolonged declining fertility rates pose dire threats to the country’s future in terms of security, workforce and economy, the report said.
Meanwhile, 33 others have high fertility rates, with the central province of Ha Tinh topping the list at 2.9 births per woman of childbearing age.
The MoH has recently decided to attempt to adjust fertility rates among localities to maintain the desired fertility at replacement level of two to 2.2 children per woman of reproductive age.
The ministry said it would allocate State funds to provide contraceptive methods to localities with low birth rates which are usually poor and currently account for 42 per cent of the country’s population.
There will also be incentives to encourage families in areas with low fertility rates to have more children.
The plan touches on piloting online sex education and consulting for youth as well as programmes to prevent infertility and reproductive cancers for adolescents.
According to the MoH, Vietnam has a high rate of infertility of which 7.7 per cent is primary infertility.
The 2019 Population and Housing Census also revealed contradictions between women’s financial statuses and their willingness to bear a child.
Those in the richest group had the lowest fertility rate and vice versa. Sex imbalance at birth has witnessed an upward trend in recent years, the census highlighted.
Vietnam’s total fertility rate (TFR) dropped from 2.25 children per woman in 2001 to 1.99 in 2011. From 2012 to 2019, the rate ranged from 2.04 to 2.1.
According to the 2019 census, the TFR of urban areas was 1.83 children per woman, lower than rural areas’ average rate of 2.26. The trend has remained the same for two decades.
The imbalance in access to information and health care services contributes to the status quo, the census suggests, as couples living in cities are aware of the benefits of family planning and can easily access contraception.
Earlier in April, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc approved a birth rate adjustment programme which encourages people to get married before the age of 30 and women to give birth to their second child before they are 35.
The programme plans to offer incentives for couples with two children including reducing tax, tuition fees, rental expenses and social housing prices.
Local authorities have been asked to pilot marriage and family consultation services such as dating clubs and pre-marriage health consultations. VNS