By Minh Tam – Translated by Kim Khanh
Upon addressing the meeting, NA Chairman Hue said that along with efforts to successfully organise the NA’s 11th session, which is the last of the 14th tenure, preparations for the elections of deputies to the 15th legislature and all-level People’s Councils for the 2021 to 2026 tenure have been underway since the NEC’s fourth session.
The responsibility of the NEC is to both direct and guide the organisation of elections of deputies to the 15th NA and People’s Councils at all levels for the 2021 to 2026 term, in accordance with the law. This therefore serves to make the process safe, economical, and democratic as a means of electing those who are truly competent and worthy of the confidence of citizens. These efforts will ultimately make the election on May 23 a true festival for the entire population, NA Chairman Hue added.
HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam for the second time assumed the role of rotating President of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the 2020-2021 tenure this month, thus making a new and important imprint in the process of transforming from a participant to an active and proactive UN member.
VN grows up in UN
Thirty years after Việt Nam joined the UN on September 20, 1977, the country was elected for the first time as a non-permanent member of the UNSC for the 2008-2009 tenure in the first secret ballot round in October 2017, with 183 votes of approval out of 192 General Assembly members participating in the ballot, or 96 per cent.
During its first tenure at the UNSC – the UN’s most important body in maintaining international peace and security – Việt Nam and other UNSC member states handled a large workload with more than 1,500 meetings, passed 113 Resolutions and 165 Presidential Statements and Press Statements on 50 agenda items, and dealt with complex issues regarding Kosovo, Iran’s nuclear programme, and Middle East peace, as well as those relating to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Myanmar.
Việt Nam made active and comprehensive contributions, from delivering speeches, participating in the making of resolutions and documents, assuming the posts of Chair or Vice Chair of several subcommittees, holding the post of UNSC President in July and October 2009, chairing negotiations for the council to approve Resolution No 1889 on women, peace, and security, and providing ideas to build the council’s Annual Report in a more practical and comprehensive manner.
“Việt Nam was on the UNSC 10 years ago in the 2008-2009 tenure,” said Kamal Malhotra, UN Resident Coordinator. “It played an important role, contributing to a resolution on women, peace, and security which I think was a landmark resolution in the UNSC. Việt Nam has also been increasing its role in global peacekeeping.”
On June 7, 2019, Việt Nam was once again elected as a non-permanent member of the UNSC for the 2020-2021 tenure, with 192 votes in favour out of 193 UN member nations.
The country’s election as a UNSC non-permanent member twice in just a short period was an important milestone in it transforming from a participant to an active and proactive member.
“This was the second time over the last more than 10 years that Việt Nam has been voted as a member of the UN body with a leading role in maintaining global peace and security, proving the international community’s recognition of its improving position as well as trust in its responsible contributions to regional and international peace and security in the coming years,” said then Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc.
Promoting multilateralism, respecting international law
Joining the UNSC for the second time amid complex developments in the world, Việt Nam has effectively implemented activities relating to the UNSC, completed the heavy workload in the first year of the tenure, and created its own imprint at the UNSC.
The country has actively proposed initiatives and played a leading role in several important issues.
While holding the UNSC Presidency in January 2020, Việt Nam successfully chaired an open debate on upholding the UN Charter to maintain international peace and security, and the first-ever meeting on cooperation between the UN and ASEAN, which combined the country’s dual role as UNSC non-permanent member and ASEAN Chair in 2020, thus helping enhance ASEAN solidarity and role and strengthening connectivity between the regional bloc and the UN and the UNSC.
In that month, the council held about 30 meetings and adopted 13 decisions, including four resolutions and one decision on extending UN missions, forces and mechanisms, one Chairman Statement, five press statements, and two press releases.
Ambassador Marc Pecsteen de Buytswerve, Permanent Representative of Belgium to the UN, told the Vietnam News Agency (VNA)’s correspondents at the UN that Việt Nam had done a good job despite formidable challenges when it took up the presidency of the UNSC at the beginning of its tenure as a non-permanent member of the council.
Việt Nam really left an imprint with the open debate on the 75th anniversary of the UN Charter, particularly in the context of mounting tensions in the UN as well as in the world, he added.
As a coordinator of the ten current non-permanent members (E10), in May 2020 Việt Nam actively resumed the annual meeting mechanism, disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, between the E10 and the UN Secretary General via videoconference.
It chaired a dialogue between the E10 and the five newly-elected non-permanent members (I5) with the theme “Joining Efforts for an Effective UNSC: Best Practices and Experiences for Elected Members” and an International Conference on Women, Peace and Security.
“Việt Nam fulfilled its duties as a non-permanent UNSC member in the first year of its membership, achieved set targets, and proactively and actively contributed to UNSC operations,” said Deputy Foreign Minister Lê Hoài Trung.
The success gained in the first half of the 2020-2021 tenure is a firm foundation for Việt Nam to create more imprints in the second half and complete a successful tenure, contributing practically to maintaining regional and international peace and security and maintaining a peaceful and stable environment for national development. — VNS
The situation will become less severe in May.
Phung Tien Dung, head of the centre’s hydro-meteorological forecasting office for the central, Central Highlands and southern regions, said that from April 12-15, localities should limit watering plants , especially fruit trees with high economic value. rainfall with thunderstorms will hit the upper reaches of the Mekong River and the southern region./.
Among the new cases, there are five imported cases from India, Ukraina, Moldova, Uzbekistan, and Germany, and the remaining four Vietnamese returnees. All of them were put into isolation upon entry to undergo treatment at local hospitals.
Following the latest discovery, the overall number of positive coronavirus cases rose to 2,705 nationwide, including 1,570 local infections and, 1,135 imported cases.
Meanwhile, more than 36,930 people are being quarantined for medical surveillance, while 50 cases have tested negative for the SARS-CoV-2 virus at least one.
The ministry reported that a further 6,005 people were given COVID-19 vaccinations from April 5-11, boosting the total number of vaccinated people to 58,418.
Elsewhere, the northern province of Yen Bai has received 4,500 doses of AstraZeneca vaccine for COVID-19 prevention and control from the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology. It is expected that the vaccination will be launched in early May.
Technology and utilizing operational benefits are the key factors enabling the multinational firm to serve dozens of power plants in Vietnam.
Vietnam, with annual power demand growth of roughly 10%, requires significant improvements in energy efficiency, emission intensity together with national energy mix restructuring for low-carbon economic growth.
|Wind farm in Vietnam’s Ninh Thuan Province. Photo: GE Renewable Energy|
To make a transition towards greener economic growth, intensified investment in renewable energy become indispensable as energy intensity over the last decade was the only negative driver resulting in the slowdown of carbon emissions in the country.
The broader engagement of GE in green energy in Vietnam has contributed partly to the country’s power transition as the US-based company now generates up to 30% of Vietnam’s power with a GE fleet of nearly 30 gas turbines, servicing over 10 power plants and projects.
GE Spokesperson Som Shantanu, Regional Engineering Director, GE Gas Power, said there is not a one-size-fits-all technology solution for decarbonization but there’s significant opportunity in the technology space, with solutions such as GE’s HA heavy duty gas turbine and aeroderivative gas turbines.
He shared that as the optimum choice for a specific region or country depends on many factors namely fuel availability, pricing and security, land constraints, GE’s policy reform play an important factor towards decarbonization.
The solutions are aimed (1) to measure and incentivize reductions in power sector carbon intensity; (2) to enable transparency and predictability allowing lifecycle economics to drive investment decisions factoring in a cost of carbon in some form; (3) establish market structures that value energy, flexibility and dependable capacity separately to encourage the optimum mix of technologies in an affordable and practical way; (4) reward R&D, innovation, and private risk taking; (5) encourage the free flow of goods and ideas consistent with the principles of the World Trade Organization; (6) reflect national and local circumstances; (7) set realistic timelines for reduction effort.
Role of gas
Som Shantanu said gas will play a significant role in the power mix as the country looks to reduce coal power development, noting that the development of new gas capacity depends on availability of natural gas from new domestic fields and new liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals.
The government is looking at integrated LNG to Power projects to accelerate development as opportunities in current LNG to Power projects are significant and GE is currently collaborating with local partners in this space.
GE is working with local partners in the development of several LNG-to-power projects, under the current PDP, for example, the GENCO3 and GE Long Son LNG-to-power project, 3600-4500 MW, under which we will supply our HA gas turbines.
In addition, the company’s repair and manufacturing capabilities through Phu My repair facility and Dung Quat HRSG manufacturing plant enable it to largely support the country to address its energy needs, the executive emphasized.
Utilizing operational benefits
GE recognizes that to remain relevant in today’s power market, engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC), plant operators and industries globally and in Vietnam, it must prioritize key operational benefits to drive business investment and help them remain competitive in this ever-changing environment.
While the upfront cost may appear to be higher, GE is able to help customers achieve efficiencies throughout the entire lifecycle, it includes.
Increasing competitiveness through increased efficiency : It is aimed to help customers be ready to capture every opportunity to generate revenue, our technology provides high efficiency which drives lower operating costs and higher margins, fast starts and fast ramp-ups to dispatch power fast, and provide the optimum capacity in periods of high demand. For example, GE’s world-record setting HA technology is capable of >64% net combined-cycle efficiency.
Operational flexibility : This is critical for gas turbines that complement renewable energy as it balances electric system loads and helps maintain grid reliability. This also allows for fast start and ramping, and efficient turndown to low loads to accommodate variable renewables and rapid demand fluctuations.
Reliability/Availability : GE is committed to helping customers ensure the durability of assets and strengthen capacity to withstand the test of time for more operating hours, reduced asset down-time, which ultimately avoid loss of revenue opportunities.
Partnership throughout the plant’s lifecycle : GE helps customers stay competitive in a dynamic industry by providing a lifecycle approach (we build and maintain gas plant assets) tapping into our in-depth OEM expertise and knowledge.
“We enable customers to get the most from the outage window, by inspecting or upgrading multiple assets. In addition, we also provide financing solutions, technology co-developments, project support and more,” Som Shantanu said.
To optimize life cycle cost and efficiencies, GE is able to leverage its strong regional repair capabilities which forms part the global supply chain.
Repair shops such as the Dung Quat HRSG Plant, as well the Global HA Repair & Development in Singapore enables repairs and services to be performed within the region. This means, GE has 90% in-region self-sufficiency to serve customers in Vietnam, within Asia, and also globally.