|By Karen Reddington – President, FedEx Asia Pacific|
So why then does evidence show that small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are failing to access trade deals – one of the most significant tools there is for multiplying business growth and opportunity? And what do agreements like the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) actually offer?
Trade agreements are designed to lower the barriers between participating countries, giving domestic companies better access to more customers and larger, international markets while reducing tariffs and customs duties which slow global commerce.
That’s why the CPTPP is arguably one of the most important trade deals in decades, as it removes tariffs on about 95 per cent of goods traded between member countries.
The new agreement creates a trade community accounting for an extraordinary 14 per cent of the global economy. That figure is projected to rise to 18 per cent as more countries queue up to join the bloc which already comprises of some of Asia’s most dynamic economies including Vietnam, New Zealand, Japan, and Singapore.
Yet the biggest surprise is just how little many “born global” SMEs and entrepreneurs know about these deals, let alone how to translate their potential into business success.
We would like to believe that year on year, more SMEs are taking advantage of trade deals to facilitate their entry into new markets. Yet it’s quite common for us to work with companies who don’t understand how to use trade agreements to their benefit.
The knowledge gap
In markets like Singapore, there’s broad recognition that SMEs are having difficulties reaping the benefits. In Australia, concerns that SMEs are not seizing the opportunity have triggered a government inquiry. Further afield in Europe, research indicates that lack of information or regulatory complexity is resulting in billions of euros being paid every year by companies in undue customs duties.
What’s more, SMEs are telling that agreements remain too tough to interpret or navigate, especially for those who are inexperienced in international trade.
This is not a new issue. A few years ago, HSBC’s research on 800 companies across Asia gauged the take-up of trade agreements and found that only around one in five businesses were using them.
So what’s the answer? It starts with making trade deals a part of business strategy – and ensuring that business clearly understands the “why” of how they can benefit from improved terms of trade.
For instance, companies that use agreements experience stronger export growth, access to new markets, a wider client base and the creation of new business opportunities. Such developments can be transformative for small business growth.
But the challenge is also more specific. SMEs often lack the resources and expertise to navigate complex trade rules, and do not know how to reap the benefits of trade agreements. Many require manuals or explainers to guide them through specific benefits within the labyrinth of information that exists on any one deal.
Other than lowering tariffs for almost all goods traded between member companies, the CPTPP also makes moving goods among member states easier by streamlining paperwork, increasing transparency, and setting up rules that reflect modern supply chains. That means SMEs will be able to trade in 11 CPTPP markets with a single set of rules and document requirements, greatly simplifying access to markets representing almost 500 million people.
So where to from here?
It’s the “how” that’s increasingly critical in equalizing the opportunity.
Take, for instance, Style Nanda – a South Korean fashion web mall and e-commerce site recently bought out by L’Oreal. It was only when the business started to understand how to exploit different global markets that the business really took off.
Here, the choices are many, and growing. For instance, SMEs in different CPTPP markets can team up to target a third, and entirely different market, saving time and money by pooling resources. SMEs should also make full use of business, government and SME bodies, as well as work alongside companies like FedEx to understand where the quick wins for their business might be.
It’s also counsel and technology tools that are critical. For instance, we help SMEs with knowledge and resources to help clear customs confidently and quickly. We also advocate automating as many shipping processes as possible, so cross-border shipments clear customs easily. This can include tools like FedEx Global Trade Manager, which helps SMEs estimate duties and taxes, or helps find the necessary documents.
Then there’s our work with customs authorities across the region to expand clearance solutions for cross-border e-commerce. For example in China, we recently launched a one-stop Business to Consumer import customs clearance solution for cross-border e-commerce for e-retailers.
No matter what, the goal is clear – ensure innovation flows from all deals to all kinds of businesses. If SMEs can put the benefits into practice, the possibilities are endless.
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